20921 E. Smoky Hill Rd., Suite A | Centennial, CO 80015 | Phone: 303.690.7778

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissue and bone that supports teeth. The health of the v-shaped crevice around each tooth, called the sulcus, is determined with a small measuring device called a periodontal probe.  In a healthy mouth that measurement is 3 mm or less.  

Periodontal disease results when harmful bacteria build up below the gum line causing an infection.  As the damage to the tissue occurs, the sulcus develops into a pocket measuring greater than 3 mm.  Necessary digital x-rays are used to determine any loss of bone around the teeth as a result of gum disease.

Periodontal disease is a chronic and progressive disease the affects up to 80% of the adult population. If left untreated, it can cause bone loss, tooth loss, and has been linked to overall health conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis and increased risk of certain cancers.


Initially, periodontal disease may cause subtle and painless symptoms.

Symptoms of periodontal disease may include gums that: bleed when brushing or flossing, appear red or swollen, or feel tender and recede from the teeth. Teeth may shift, move, or appear discolored. You may also experience persistent bad breath or a metallic taste in your mouth.



There are different types of periodontal disease, classified according to the severity of the condition: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. To prevent periodontal disease from progressing, your hygienist will design an individual treatment plan, including the possible need for root planing and scaling, proper brushing techniques, use of antimicrobial mouth rinse and special flossing tools. They may also recommend more frequent professional cleanings.

Regular dental checkups increase your potential for early detection and conservative treatment.